Acknowledgments and Colophon

About the Report

In 2021, SDSN Europe established a Senior Working Group (SWG), consisting of top-level academics and stakeholders, to successfully mobilize expertise to implement the aforementioned challenging context successfully. Its first report, entitled “Transformations for the Joint Implementation of Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development and the European Green Deal: A Green and Digital, Job-Based and Inclusive Recovery from COVID-19 Pandemic”, was published in February 2021 to support policymakers with actionable strategies that can guide EU-wide and national economic recovery in line with Europe’s overarching sustainability agenda.

This second Report of the Working Group focuses on how to finance the joint implementation of Agenda 2030 and the European Green Deal.

About the SDSN

SDSN mobilizes global scientific and technological expertise to promote practical solutions for sustainable development, including implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Climate Agreement. In Europe, over 300 members and 13 national and regional networks of SDSN are part of SDSN Europe, a joint initiative that aims to align the European recovery with the Agenda 2030. Leveraging the research within the networks and the SDSN’s work on the Six Transformations and other publications, SDSN Europe will play an active role in shaping a sustainable and resilient Europe.

A special thanks to the SDSN’s Senior Working Group, who authored the report, including the following members. Organizations are for identification purposes only.


  • Prof. Jeffrey Sachs, President of UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN)

  • Prof. Phoebe Koundouri, Athens University of Economics and Business and president-elect of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists


  • Prof. Leonardo Becchetti, University of Roma

  • Mr. Paolo Carnevale, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (former Executive Director)

  • Ms Laura Cozzi, International Energy Agency

  • Dr Carlo Papa, Enel Foundation

  • Prof. Theodoros Zachariadis, The Cyprus Institute, Manager SDSN Europe


Lead Author

Prof. Phoebe Koundouri, Athens University of Economics and Business; President-Elect of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists; Co-chair SDSN Europe; Director of Sustainable Development Unit, Athena Research and Innovation Center; Fellow World Academy of Art and Science


Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM)

  • Mr Filippo Tessari

  • Mr Riccardo Christopher Spani

  • Mrs Ilenia Gaia Romani

Force for Good, Greater Pacific Capital

  • Mr Ketan Patel, Chief Executive Officer

  • Mr Christian Hansmeyer, Head of Research & Risk

International Energy Agency (IEA)

  • Mr Daniel Wetzel

University of Rome

  • Prof. Leonardo Becchetti

  • Dr Mauro Cordella

  • Prof. Piergiuseppe Morone

UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network Europe (SDSN Europe)

  • Mr Angelos Plataniotis, PhD Candidate at National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

  • Dr Conrad Landis, Post-doc researcher at Athens University of Economics and Business

  • Mr Charis Stavridis, PhD Candidate, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

  • Mrs Elisa Chioatto, PhD Candidate at Department of Economics and Business, University of Ferrara

  • Prof. George Halkos, Department of Economics, University of Thessaly

  • Prof. Nicos Theodossiou, Department of Civil Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Chair of UN SDSN Black Sea

  • Mr Stathis Devves, PhD Candidate at Athens University of Economics and Business

  • Prof. Theodoros Zachariadis, The Cyprus Institute, Manager SDSN Europe

World Academy of Arts and Science (WAAS)

  • Dr Stefan Brunnhuber


The cover page of the Report has been realized by Guido Bellini, Santa Chiara Lab – University of Siena